Giulio Douhet, The Command of The Air (/). Credit to Nicholas Morrow. Giulio Douhet, an Italian army officer who never learnt to fly. Command of the Air [Giulio Douhet, Charles a. Gabriel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reprint of the translation by staff of the. The Italian General Giulio Douhet reigns as one of the twentieth century’s foremost strategic air power theorists. As such scholars as Raymond Flugel have .
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His calculations for the amount of bombs and poison gas required to destroy a city were ludicrously optimistic.
World War II would prove many of his predictions to be wrong, particularly on comkand vulnerability of public morale to bombing. As soon as one side lost command of the air it would capitulate rather than face the terrors of air attack.
Douhet wrote a report on the aviation lessons learned in which he suggested high altitude bombing should be the primary role of aircraft.
Douhet continued to write about air power from his cell, finishing a novel on air power and proposing a massive Allied fleet of aircraft in communications to ministers. The heavy bombers involved in the Combined Bomber Offensive did not win the war alone, as Douher had argued they would.
During that war aircraft operated for the first time in reconnaissance, transport, artillery spotting and even limited bombing roles.
Command of the Air – University of Alabama Press
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Moral Preparation p. Instead, a million ordinary Londoners, mobilised in a plethora of volunteer roles, kept the city alive and breathing. Neither anti-aircraft guns nor fighter aircraft could provide effective defence, and resources devoted to them drained strength from the decisive arm: Such, he claimed, was the destructive power of aerial bombardment that air power would become dominant in war, and national air-forces dominant over the other two services.
Fighters had the problem of getting aloft and finding their enemy before damage could be done. And how was this to be achieved? May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet : a Military Times Classic – Military History Monthly
The Allies’ Plan of Operation pp. In other words, the enemy air force was the primary target. As the douht passed and night advanced, the fires would spread while the poison gas paralysed all life. The following year, he published his masterwork, The Command of the Air.
In many cases, he had hugely exaggerated the effects of bombing. This page was last edited on 11 Novemberat Germany’s Plan of Operation pp. The Aerial Battle pp. Armies became superfluous because aircraft could overfly them and attack these centers of the government, military and industry with impunity, douhrt principle later called ” The bomber will always get through “.
Aircraft could go anywhere within their radius of action, flying over enemy lines to bomb industry, infrastructure, and workforces. He proposed an independent air force composed primarily of long-range load-carrying bombers.
Meilinger, The Paths of Heaven: Nonetheless, even a false prophet often preaches partial truth.
Heavy losses forced the Germans to switch to night bombing. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The Independent Air Force pp. Posted by Military History Monthly. The chief strategy laid out in his writings, the Douhet model, is pivotal in debates regarding the use of air power and bombing campaigns.
The Command of the Air
These would vary from situation to situation, but Douhet identified the five basic target types as: For going over the heads of his superiors, he was court-martialled and imprisoned for a year. The Command of the Air remains a visionary conceptualisation of the dkuhet power of massed strategic bombing.
By smothering the enemy’s civilian centers with bombs, Douhet argued the war would become so terrible that the common people would rise against their government, overthrow it with revolution, then sue for peace. Douhet died in in TgeItaly. The only defense was a good offense. The Douhet model rests on the belief that in a conflict, the infliction of high costs from aerial bombing can shatter civilian morale.
The entire population was in the front line of an air war and they could be terrorized with urban bombing. However, subsequent conflicts would largely discredit Douhet’s theory.